Steven F. Freeman

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Critical thinking

page last modified: 02/10/2014 05:32 PM

“The educated person is not the person who can answer the questions, but the person who can question the answers” ~Theodore Schick Jr. (1997) The End of Science? (pdf)

2011-01-18 Columbia University Teachers College: college students not learning to think critically

Links: Becoming a Critic Of Your Thinking



If you know of anything good on critical thinking, in particular its absence, please tell me!


I may have to write an article. Critical thinking is critically important, but its absence in education is not mere oversight. Rather, that it’s systematically discouraged because it undermines authority.

Unfortunately the standard sources, e.g. those found here:, are so dry as to be almost illegible. And even if you force your way through, you still wouldn’t understand the underlying problem.

The political sources, while sometimes illuminating are confused, compromised, or partisan (and thereby only providing a sideswipe on the topic).








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